Allah, the Almighty said,
يا أيها الذين آمنوا كلوا من طيبات ما رزقناكم واشكروا لله إن كنتم إياه تعبدون
“Oh Believers, eat from sustenances what I gave you and be obliged to Him, if you worship only Him.”
Definitely Islam is the complete code of life. Islam has described all walk of life of human being. And one of the most important aspect of life is foods and drinks. Human being are dependent on foods and drinks for their livelihoods and effects of this foods are very active on their nature and characters. Eating pure foods has good effect and on the hand eating impured foods has bad effect also. For this reason Allah, the Almighty orderd human being to take holy food and prohibited from taking it.
What is food:
Whatever enhances the human body, produces power, prevents diseases, increases the nutrition and full fills the decays is called food.
إن الطعام هو الذي يقوم بتزويد جسم الإنسان بالطاقة حتى يستطيع أن يكمل يومه بشكل جيد
Law of foods & drinks in human life:
In Islamic shariah whatever foods are pure and beneficial to health are legal (Halal) and whatever is impure and harmful that’s illegal( Haram). Whatever foods Allah prohibited them and whatever has harmful things is definitely illegal(Haram) . And the rest of these is legal ( Halal).
Types of food:
There are two types of foods :
a. Animal Food b. Planty Food
Animal Foods are two types also. Such as:
a. Animal which lives in water b. Living in land
In perspective of legacy these animal foods are two types. As: 1. Legal (حلال) 2. Illegal (حرام)
Briefing of these types of foods is mentioned below.
Type One: Animal Food
a. Animal living in water: Means that which lives in sea, river, pond, lake, in sweet water or sold water etc. In the opinion of Hanafi School all animals of water are illegal to eat but fish. As described in Hadith Sharif,
قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ما ألقى البحر أو جزر عنه فكلوه، و ما مات فيه فطفا فلا تأكلوه.
Prophet (SM) said, eat from what sea through, don’t eat what died in water and floated.
Illegal animal living in land: Animals living in water are:* Four-footed animal which is prohibited by Islamic Shari’ah. As Allah said, حرمت عليكم الميتة والدم ولحم الخنزير ” Died animal, blood, meat of pig are prohibited for you .
* Birds and ferocious animal prohibited by Islamic Shari’ah. Such as- Tiger, Leopard, Lion, Dog, Falcon etc.
Written in the book شرح الوقاية ( Sharhul Waqaya) ولا ذو ناب أو مخلب من سبع أو طير That Birds and Animals are prohibited to eat which hunt by their teeth and claw.
* Commonly these are are unholy. As – Rat, Insect etc.
Written in the book. عمدة الرعاية على شرح الوقاية clearly و نوع يأكل الجيف فحسب، فهو حرام بالإتفاق