The Holy Quran is the Main Source of Science and Technology

Introduction: Allah the Almighty said ,

و القرآن الحكيم

“By the Quran, full of Wisdom.” [Yasin:2]

The holy Quran is the greatest source of science and technology. We know it that Quran and Sunnah are the main sources of Shari’ah, which straight us in the right way of life. But the Quran is also the modern science and technology. Besides the Quran, the Sunnah second source of Islam also inspires us for science and technology. So Boswarth Smith said,”The Quran is a book which is a poem, a code of laws, a book of common prayer and a book of all science.”

The first verse of the Quran is’Read’ which inspires us to learn knowledge. There are at least 750 verse in the Quran which prescribed us about science and technology like Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Geography, Geology and many other science some of those ate given below.

1. Mathematics:

Mathematics is called the soul of science. Without mathematics science is simply inactivated. Al-Quran has included some verses which are related to Mathematics. Some verses about Mathematics are:

الله الذي خلق السماوات و الأرض و ما بينهما في ستة أيام ثم استوى على العرش ما لكم من دونه من ولي و لا شفيع أفلا تتذكرون

” He is Allah who has created the heavens and the earth and all between them in six days. Then he Istawâ (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). You(mankind) don’t have any protector or helper  without Him and none of intercessor. Won’t you be admonished.” [ Sijdah:4]

الشمس و القمر بحسبان

” The sun and the moon run on their fixed courses (exactly) calculated with measured out stages for each.” [Al-Rahman:5]

2. Physics:

Physics is a type of science of Mechanics, Heat, Sound, Electricity and Light. Some verses of Quranul Karim have a great similarities with Physics. Those are:

الله نور السماوات و الأرض مثل نوره كمشكاة فيها مصباح المصباح في زجاجة الزجاجة كأنها كوكب دري يوقد من شجرة مباركة زيتونة لا شرقية ولا غربية يكاد زيتها يضيء ولو لم تمسسه نار نور على نور يهدي الله لنوره من يشاء و يضرب الله الأمثال للناس و الله بكل شيء عليم

“Allah is the light of heavens and the earth. The parable of His light is as (if there were) a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is in glass, the glass is it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east( I.e.neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (I.e. nor it gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. Light upon light! Allah guides to his light whom He wills. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind and Allah is All knower of everything.” [Moor:35]

أولم ير الذين كفروا أن السماوات و الأرض كانتا رتقا ففتقناهما و جعلنا من الماء كل شيء حي أفلا يؤمنون

“Don’t the unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder?” [Ambyia:30]

3. Chemistry:

Chemistry is such a subject which discusses about different chemical action-reaction of solid, liquid and gases items. There are at least 50 verses in the Holy Quran which indicates us to inform about Chemistry. Some are:

الذين يذكرون الله قياما و قعودا و على جنوبهم و يتفكرون في خلق السماوات و الأرض ربنا ما خلقت هذا باطلا سبحانك فقنا عذاب النار

“Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding.” [Al-Imran:190]

قل سيروا في الأرض ثم انظروا كيف كان عاقبة المكذبين

Say (O Muhammad saw): Travel the world and see what was the end of those who rejected truth. ” [An’am:11]

و الله خلق كل دابة من ماء

“And Allah has created every animal from water.” [Nur:45]


Geology is the study of earth surface, rock, soil and mountains. Allah says about it:

و إلى الأرض كيف سطحت

“And at the mountains, how they are rooted  and fixed firm?” [Gashiya:19]

إذا زلزلت  الأرض زلزالها

“When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake.” [Zilzal:01]

5. Botany:

Botany the part of Biology which concerns with the study of whole plants in the earth. There are about 88 verses in the Quran which are linked with Botany. Such as:

فأنبتنا فيها حبا و عنبا و قضبا و زيتونا و نخلا

“And we cause therein the grain to grow, grapes, clover plants(I.e. green fodder for the cattle), olives and date-palms.” [Abasa:27-29]

و النجم و الشجر يسجدان

“And the herbs and the trees – both (alike) bow in adoration.” [Al-Rahman:6]

6. Zoology:

Zoology mother part of Biology. It also prescribed in the Holy Quran. Allah says,

لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن تقويم

“We created man in the best design.” [Tin:4]

خلق الإنسان من علق

“He created man from an embryo.” [Alaq:5]

7. Agriculture:

In this issue Allah says,

لو نشاء لجعلناه حطاما فظلتم تفكهون

“Is it [Waqia:64]

This verse teaches us that a farmer can’t grow the products. A product can be certainly grown in the land by the willing of Almighty Allah.

8. Medical Science:

Allah has mentioned so many things about Medical Science which encourages us to learn medical science. Allah says,

و إذا مرضت فهو يشفي

” And when I am I’ll, it is He who curse me.” [Al-Shu’ara:80]

يسئلونك عن الخمر و الميسر قل فيهما إثم كبير و منافع للناس و إثمهما أكبر من نفعهما

“They ask you about intoxicants and gambling: say, “In them there are a gross sin and some benefits for the people. But their sinfulness far outweighs their benefit.” [Baqara:219]

9. Anatomy:

There are several verses of the Quran about Anatomy. Those are:

والله خلقكم من تراب ثم من نطفة ثم جعلناكم أزواجا و ما تحمل من أنثى

And Allah did created you (Adam) from dust, then from spam ( male and female discharge semen drops I.e. Adam’s offspring), then He made you pairs ( male & female) [ Fatir:11]

خلق الإنسان من علق

He created man from a clot ( a piece of thick coagulated blood). [ Alaq:2]

خلق الإنسان من صلصال كالفخار

“He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery.” [ Al-Rahman:14]

10. Political Science:

Some people say that there is no politics in Islam. But this people are completely ignored from Al-Quran. The Quran is the best source of political science. Allah says,

قل اللهم مالك الملك تؤتي الملك من تشاء و تنزع الملك ممن تشاء و تعز من تشاء و تذل من تشاء بيدك الخير إنك على كل شيء قدير

“Say ( O Muhammad saw.): O Allah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You want, You take the kingdom from whom You will , You endue with honour whom You want and You humiliate whom You will. All kinds of good in Your hand. Verily, You are the most powerful over all thins.” [ Al-Imran:26]

إن الحكم إلا لله

“The command ( or judgement) is for none but Allah.” [ Yusup:40 ]

11. Accounting:

Al-Quran said that,

و جعلنا الليل و النهار آيتين فمحونا آية النهار مبصرة لتبتغوا فضلا من ربكم و لتعلموا عدد السنين و الحساب و كل شيء فصلناه تفصيلا

“And we have appointed the night and the day as two Ãyat (signs). Then, we have made dark the sign of the night while we have made the sign of day illuminating, that you may seek bounty from your Lord and that you may know the number of the years and the reckoning. And we have explained everything ( in detailed) with full explanation.” [Al-Isra: 12 ]

12. Water Resources:

Water is an element of human body.

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